CHAPTER 13
Group I Occupations:
Service

THE OCCUPATIONS in this Group are those which are focused on catering to the personal tastes, needs, and welfare of others. At the upper Levels particularly, an important element is the primary nature of the personal relationship and its specific quality. These occupations always involve one person doing something for or to another person, or persons, although the services may be minor ones. All guidance, social, and welfare occupations belong here, and so do occupations usually listed as domestic and protective services. The commonest occupations are listed in Table 13.1 on page 170.

A few comments on occupations listed in the table are in order. Level 1 includes psychotherapists and other personal therapists, as well as administrative heads of welfare services of various sorts. Psychotherapy is included here rather than with the medical therapies because its essence is the personal relationship between therapist and patient or client, although it has, of course, close relationships with medical therapies. General religious workers are put in this Group, at Level 4, instead of in Group VII because this designation is taken to mean the relatively untrained, well-meaning person who is more a social worker than a cleric, more interested in people than in theology.

Occupations in this Group may require less test intelligence than occupations in most other Groups at corresponding Levels; verbal fluency is high in some at upper Levels. They tend to give ratings on M-F scales at the feminine end.

Harrell and Harrell reported AGCT mean scores of 102.2 for bartender; 100.8 for chauffeur; 97.2 for cook and baker; and 95.3 for barber. Stewart's data give AGCT scores for 10 occupations in this Group as follows:

-2.0 to -1.5 S.D.
barber
-1.5 to -1.0 S.D.
hospital orderly

-169-

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