The following chapter will discuss in greater detail some of the characteristics of the modern urbanized Hispano population in New Mexico, stressing the major city of Albuquerque but also using materials from other cities where available.
In 1900 the 195,000 residents of the Territory were still concentrated in the traditional area of settlement along the Rio Grande. In the nine Hispanic counties of Bernalillo, Dona Ana, Mora, Rio Arriba, San Miguel, Santa Fe, Socorro, Taos, and Valencia, reside 132,000 persons--67 percent of the population of the Territory. This population and that of most of the adjacent areas was largely of native-born citizens of Hispanic surname. As late as 1915 Spanish-Americans numbered 57 percent of the state's total population and constituted 75 percent or more of the population of eleven counties; between 50 and 75 percent in three; and from 25 to 50 percent in four others of the state's twenty-six counties. By 1950 the proportion of residents of Hispanic surname had dropped to 37 percent in the state, and only ten of the thirty-two counties mustered an Hispanic population of 50 percent or more.