Chronic Diseases

By Marvin Stein; Andrew Baum | Go to book overview

social factors (stressors, stress responses) and latent herpesviruses have been implicated as potentially contributing to the variance in immune decrements and HIV-1 disease progression, and these two sets of factors are also known to be interrelated. The empirical work presented here suggests that both stressors and stress responses (emotional expression, cognitive processing, and coping strategies) are related to impairments in individuals' ability to control viruses such as EBV. Moreover, the most recent work suggests that behavioral interventions that modify the ways individuals process and deal with stressors may help to normalize immunologic control over these viruses. Importantly these effects have been established in both healthy individuals and those infected with HIV-1. Only by following these HIV-1 infected cohorts over clinically meaningful periods will it be possible to establish any health-related claims for such interventions. Future work should also explore the psychosocial correlates of other viruses known to be ubiquitous in the largest populations of HIV-1 infected men (e.g., hepatitis-B) and women (e.g., human papilloma virus; Carpenter, Mayer, Fisher, Desai, & Durand, 1989), which may be susceptible to psychosocial modulation on the one hand ( Antoni & Goodkin, 1991; Glaser, Kiecolt-Glaser, Bonneau, Malarkey, & Hughes, 1992), and directly influential in the form and severity of HIV-1 disease manifestation in each gender ( Antoni, 1991; Antoni, et al., 1992; Goodkin, Antoni, Helder, & Sevin, in press).


REFERENCES

Abramson L., Seligman, M. E.P., & Teasdale J. ( 1978). "Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulation". Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 49-74.

Alsip G. R., Ench Y., Sumaya C. V., Boswell R. N. ( 1988). "Increased Epstein-Barr virus DNA in oropharyngeal secretions from patients with AIDS, AIDS-related complex, or asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus infections". Journal of Infectious Disease, 157, 1072-1076.

Antoni M. H. ( 1991). "Psychosocial stressors and behavioral interventions in gay men with HIV infection". International Review of Psychiatry, 3, 383-399.

Antoni M. H., August S., LaPerriere A., Baggett H. L., Klimas N., Ironson G., Schneiderman N. , & Fletcher M. A. ( 1990). "Psychological and neuroendocrine measures related to functional immune changes in anticipation of HIV-1 serostatus notification". Psychosomatic Medicine, 52, 496-510.

Antoni M. H., Baggett L., LaPerriere A., August S., Ironson G., Klimas N., Schneiderman N. , & Fletcher M. A. ( 1991). "Cognitive behavioral stress management intervention buffers distress responses and elevates immunologic markers following notification of HIV-1 seropositivity". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59( 6), 906-915.

Antoni M. H., & Goodkin K. ( 1988). "Host moderator variables in the promotion of cervical neoplasia-1. Personality facets". Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 32, 327-338.

Antoni M. H., & Goodkin K. ( 1991). "The interaction of viral and psychosocial factors in the promotion of cervical neoplasia". In J. ten-Have de Llabije & H. Balner (Eds.), Coping with cancer and beyond (pp. 99-133). Amsterdam: Swets & Zeileiner.

Antoni M. H., Schneiderman N., Fletcher M. A., Goldstein D., lronson G., & LaPerriere A. ( 1990). "Psychoneuroimmunology and HIV-1". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58, 38-49.

-160-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Chronic Diseases
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 344

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.