sion patterns and cofactors, (b) the selection of appropriate subjects for vaccine testing, (c) the assessment of individual risk, (d) and the design and implementation of educational programs for effective attitude and behavior change. Because the best defense against AIDS and other STDs is modification of behavioral patterns, more studies are needed that seek to identify and evaluate factors affecting perception of risk and decisions to use safer sex practices. Investigators working with all aspects of the AIDS epidemic are forced to deal with the sensitive and complex issues related to human sexual behavior. Therefore, the specialized methodologies and procedures developed by behavioral researchers concerned with human sexuality are essential to the accurate investigation of behaviors underlying the transmission of HIV. Consequently, it is imperative that research with the goal of defeating this devastating virus, from treatment to prevention, be conducted with a partnership between biomedical and behavioral scientists.
The data in this chapter were first presented at the 1987 NIMH/NIDA Workshop on Women and AIDS: Promoting Healthy Behaviors.
We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of C. S. Kaufman, S. Stewart Ham, and J. S. Straub in data collection; T. Albright for data processing; all of the former and L. A. Rosenblum for questionnaire development; and A. Crable and S. Ramsey for reference assistance. We also appreciate the consultation provided by E. Hooker, A. M. Mattison, D. P. McWhirter, M. Nichols, and B. Voeller in the development of this instrument.
We would especially like to thank E. A. Roberge for participation in all aspects of this study.
We also wish to thank the women who completed our questionnaire and the coordinators of the women's assembly who permitted the collection of data.
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