Black Athena Revisited

By Mary R. Lefkowitz; Guy MacLean Rogers | Go to book overview

Later in his essay Diderot tells us that the priests "spent their leisure in the study of arithmetic, geometry, and experimental physics"; but he seems uncertain as to just how far they had progressed in those subjects. Thus, for example, in astronomy he leaves it open whether Thales invented his method for predicting eclipses or learned it in Egypt, and he comments that the celestial observations of the Egyptians "owed their reputation only to the inaccuracy of those made everywhere else." Furthermore, "Pythagoras had long since ceased being [the priests'] disciple by the time he was engaged in investigating the relations between tonal intervals." As for Egyptian medicine, it was "a bundle of superstitious practices, highly convenient for mitigating the ineffectiveness of the remedies and the ignorance of the physicians. If the patient did not recover, it was because he had a bad conscience." What is reported about Egyptian chemistry is "scholarly nonsense; it has been proven that the issue of transmutation of metals was not raised before the reign of Constantine." Finally, "it cannot be denied that [the Egyptians] practiced judicial astrology for many years; but shall we respect them any the more for that?"

We are not, of course, concerned here with the accuracy of any of Diderot's observations. His chronology is a jumble throughout, and he had no access to genuine ancient Egyptian texts -- which he must have fully realized, for he tells us that most writings on Egyptian antiquities perished in the burning of the Alexandrian library and that "what is left is apocryphal, with the exception of a few fragments quoted in other works." His attitude, however, is clear enough: he is skeptical of Egyptian intellectual achievements and utterly contemptuous of the Egyptian religion, which he deems saddled with a great mass of imported superstitions: "there was no persecuted god on the face of the earth who would not find a refuge in an Egyptian temple." Diderot was no Egyptophile.


APPENDIX 2: TWO NOTES ON BERNAL'S METHODOLOGY

Ideology and Scholarship: Some Pictures on a Greek Vase

It is a most unfortunate characteristic of Bernal's approach to scholarly debate that he sees disagreement so frequently as blatantly driven by political ideology. It is not the claim of a pervasive role of such ideology in scholarship that I deplore (that is something I am quite prepared to entertain); it is rather the way in which he seemingly always hits on the most obvious, least subtle, ideological -- usually racist -- interpretations of his opponent's views.

Consider his objection to descriptions by John Boardman ( 1980, 149-51, 205) and Frank Snowden, Jr. ( 1976, 139-40) of one of the paintings on a remarkable black figure Greek vase (of the type called a hydria) from Caere in

-388-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Black Athena Revisited
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vi
  • Maps viii
  • Preface ix
  • Ancient Egyptian Chronology xix
  • Introduction 1
  • Introduction 3
  • Notes 22
  • Egypt 25
  • On the Aims and Methods of Black Athena 27
  • Conclusion 46
  • Egypt and Greece the Bronze Age Evidence 49
  • Black Athena an Egyptological Review 62
  • Notes 98
  • Race 101
  • Ancient Egyptians and the Issue of Race 103
  • Note 111
  • Bernal's "Black" and the Afrocentrists 112
  • Notes 128
  • Clines and Clusters Versus " Race" a Test in Ancient Egypt and the Case of a Death on the Nile 129
  • Notes 162
  • The Near East 165
  • The Legacy of Black Athena 167
  • Linguistics 175
  • Notes 203
  • Science 207
  • Black Athena, Afrocentism, and the History of Science 255
  • Notes 256
  • Greece 267
  • The World Turned Upside Down 269
  • Note 279
  • Did Egypt Shape the Glory That Was Greece? 280
  • Black Athena Vision or Dreams of Greek Origin 303
  • Historiography 331
  • When is a Myth? Not a Myth? Bernal's "Ancient Model" 333
  • Notes 348
  • Eighteenth- Century Historiography in Black Athena 349
  • Appendix 2: Two Notes on Bernal's Methodology 388
  • Appendix 2: Two Notes on Bernal's Methodology 392
  • Appendix 2: Two Notes on Bernal's Methodology 394
  • The Tyranny of Germany Over Greece? 403
  • Bernal and the Nineteenth Century 411
  • The Bathwater and the Baby 421
  • Multiculturalism and the Foundations of Western Civilization 428
  • Conclusion 445
  • Quovadis? 447
  • Bibliocraphy 455
  • Contributors 505
  • Indexes 507
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 522

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.