Ecoscience: Population, Resources, Environment

By Paul R. Ehrlich; Anne H. Ehrlich et al. | Go to book overview

Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). 1975. Should we have a new engine? An automobile power system evaluation. California Institute of Technology, Pasadena. The most comprehensive study we have seen of alternative automobile engines. Lynn, D. A. 1976. Air pollution: Threat and response. Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass. Excellent introductory text.

Murdoch, William W., ed. 1975. Environment. Sinauer, Sunderland, Mass. An outstanding, well-integrated set of chapters covering air pollution, freshwater pollution, marine pollution, pesticides, and legal remedies, among other topics.

National Academy of Sciences (NAS). 1975. Air quality and stationary-source emission control. Washington, D.C. Superb reference on health and ecological effects of sulfur oxides, and on control technologies for sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides from stationary sources. Good bibliography.

ReVelle, C., and P. ReVelle. 1974. Sourcebook on the environment. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. Good, concise coverage of many of the direct threats to human health covered in this chapter.

Shaw, E. A. G. 1975. "Noise pollution: What can be done?" Physics Today, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 46-58. Excellent review article.


Additional References

Ahmed, A. Karim; D. F. MacLeod; and J. Carmody. 1972. Control for asbestos. Environment, vol. 14, pp. 16-29. Describes setting of standards for asbestos exposure.

Allen, J. R., and D. H. Norback. 1973. "Polychlorinated biphenyl- and triphenyl-induced gastric mucosol hyperplosion in primates". Science, vol. 179, pp. 498-499 (February 2). Rhesus monkeys show possible precancerous changes after being fed PCBs.

American Chemical Society. 1969. Cleaning our environment: The chemical basis for action. ACS Publications, New York. Dated in many respects, but still a useful introduction to essential concepts and terminology in air and water pollution.

Ames, B. N. 1976. "Carcinogenicity tests". Science, vol. 191, pp. 241-245 (January 23). An effective reply to H. Ruben's 1976 criticism.

-----; F. D. Lee; and W. E. Durston. 1973. An improved bacterial test system for the detection and classification of mutagens and carcinogens. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 70, pp. 782-786. Describes Ames test.

-----; W. E. Durston; E. Yamasaki; and F. D. Lee. 1973. Carcinogens are mutagens: A simple test system combining liver homogenates for activation and bacteria for detection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 70, pp. 2281-2285. An extremely important paper demonstrating that cancer-causing chemicals also cause mutations and can thus be detected by their mutagenic activity in bacterial systems. This discovery opened the possibility of using bacterial cultures to screen chemicals for carcinogenic properties.

-----; H. O. Kammen; and E. Yamasaki. 1975. Hair dyes are mutagens: Identification of a variety of mutagenic ingredients. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 72, pp. 2423-2427. Mutagenic compounds found in all permanent hair dyes tested. This means that 30 percent of American women have probably been exposed to cancer from this source, especially beauticians.

Ansari, N. 1973. Epidemiology and control of schistosomiasis. University Park Press, Baltimore. Comprehensive and technical monograph.

Astrand, I.; O. Axelson; V. Eriksson; and L. Olander. 1975. "Heat stress in occupational work". Ambio, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 37-42. General review.

Aronow, W. S. 1974. "Effects of carbon monoxide on coronary heart disease". Geriatrics, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 141-146. Indicates restrictions on cigarette smoking in public places may be necessary to protect heart patients from high carbon-monoxide levels produced by smoking.

Babu, S. P., ed. 1975. Trace elements in fuel. American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C. Quantities of trace contaminants in coal and oil, pathways for escape to the environment, and physiological effects.

Bache, C. A.; W. H. Gutenmann; and D. J. Lisk. 1971. "Residues of total mercury and methyl mercuric salts in lake trout as a function of age". Science, vol. 172, pp. 951-952 (May 28). Shows buildup of mercury concentrations as fish grow bigger.

Bakir, F., et al. 1973. "Methyl mercury poisoning in Iraq". Science, vol. 181, pp. 230-241 (July 20). Fatal poisoning from consumption of grain treated with mercury fungicide.

Bates, Marston. 1968. Crowded people. Natural history, October.

Benedict, W. F.; N. Rucker; J. Faust; and R. E. Kouri. 1975. Malignant transformation of mouse cells by cigarette smoke condensate. Cancer Research, vol. 35, pp. 857-860.

Benson, W. W.; and J. Gabica. 1972. "Total mercury in hair from 1,000 Idaho residents", 1971. Pesticides Monitoring Journal, vol. 6, pp. 80-83. Maximum levels found in older age groups approached the 150-ppm level, which is considered dangerous.

Berelson, B., and G. A. Steiner. 1964. Human behavior. An inventory of scientific findings. Harcourt, New York. An invaluable source of information on subjects ranging from perception to mental illness and cultural change.

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