Ecoscience: Population, Resources, Environment

By John P. Holdren; Paul R. Ehrlich et al. | Go to book overview

Spengler, Joseph J. 1975. Population and America's future. W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco. A detailed study of the impact of population growth on the U.S., especially economic and social impact.

United States Commission of Population Growth and the American Future. 1972. Population and the American future. Signet Books, New York. Summary of the National Commission's Report, in which no advantages were seen in further U.S. population growth, but many advantages were seen in stopping growth.

Additional References

Altus, William D. 1966. "Birth order and its sequelae". Science vol. 151, pp. 44-49 (January 7). Evidence that first-born children are more likely than others to achieve eminence or educational attainment.

Belmont, L. and F. A. Marolla. 1973. "Birth order, family size and intelligence". Science vol. 182, pp. 1096-1101. (December 14) More evidence that first-born children are achievers.

Brown, Harrison. 1954. The challenge of man's future. Viking, New York. An excellent early warning on the population and resource problems.

Coale, Ansley J. 1970. "Man and his environment". Science vol. 170, pp. 132-136 (October 9). A naive view of the relationship between population, resources, and environment. Undocumented, but an excellent source for examples of various fallacies.

Commoner, Barry. 1971. The closing circle. Knopf, New York. Strongly argues that faulty technology is to blame for most of the human predicament.

Day, A. T. and L. H. Day, 1973. "Cross-national comparison of population density". Science, vol. 181, pp. 1016-1023 (14 Sept ). Excellent critique of the fallacies often associated with discussions of population density.

Eckholm, Erik P. 1976. Losing ground, environmental stress and world food prospects. W. W. Norton, Inc., New York. Excellent up to date treatment of agriculture's side effects.

Ehrlich, P. R., and J. P. Holdren. 1972. "One-dimensional ecology". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists vol. 28, April. A detailed, documented refutation of Barry Commoner's contention that population growth and affluence do not play significant roles in causing environmental deterioration.

Enke, Stephen. 1970. "Zero U. S. population growth -- when, how, and why". Tempo. January. General Electric Co., Santa Barbara, California. Includes discussion of the economic impact of population growth in the U.S.

Forrester, Jay W. 1971. "Counterintuitive behavior of social systems". Technology Review vol. 73, no. 3. Early report on the "Limits to Growth" study.

-----. 1971. World dynamics. Wright-Allen Press, Cambridge, Mass. A computer model study of the world system.

Goldsmith, Edward, et al. 1972. Blueprint for survival. Houghton- Mifflin Co., New York. Paperback ed., Signet, 1974. A plan for escaping from humanity's predicament.

Holdren, John. 1973. "Population and the American predicament: the case against complacency". Daedalus, vol. 102, no. 4, pp. 31-44. Reasons for believing the U.S. has exceeded its optimum population size.

Hulett, H. R. 1970. "Optimum world population". BioScience, vol. 20, no. 3. A pioneering attempt at estimating its size.

Meadows, D. L. and D. H. Meadows., eds. 1973. Toward global equilibrium. Wright-Allen Press, Cambridge, Mass. An elaboration of the Limits to growth study.

Mesarovic, M., and E. Pestel. 1974. Mankind at the turning point: the second report to the Club of Rome. E. P. Dutton, New York. Use of a regionally disaggregated model yields generally similar conclusions to those in Limits to growth.

Morris, Desmond. 1967. The naked ape. McGraw-Hill, New York. In spite of some errors of fact and interpretation, this is an excellent book for putting humanity in perspective.

Odum, Eugene P. 1971. "The optimum population for Georgia". The Ecologist, vol. 1, no. 9, pp. 14-15. An analysis of how optimum population might be determined, using the state of Georgia as a model.

Osborne, Fairfield. 1948. Our plundered planet. Little, Brown & Co., Boston. An early warning on the population-resource-environment crunch.

Revelle, Roger (chairman). 1971. Rapid population growth: consequences and policy implications. Report of a National Academy of Sciences Study Committee. Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore. A cautious report that enormously underestimates both the role of population growth in inducing environmental deterioration and the environment's role as a limitation on population growth. Contains a number of interesting papers on social and economic aspects of population growth.

Spengler, Joseph J. 1968. Optimum population theory. International encyclopedia of the social sciences, vol. 12, pp. 358-362. Macmillan Co., New York. A concise introduction to conventional economic thinking on the subject.

Vogt, William. 1948. Road to survival. Sloane, New York. One of the classic "early warnings", like Osborne's Our plundered planet.

Ward, Barbara. 1966. Spaceship Earth. Columbia University Press, New York. An analysis of the developing human predicament by a distinguished economist.

Wray, Joel. 1971. Population pressures on families: family size and child spacing. In Revelle, Rapid population growth. A comprehensive treatment of the relationship of family size to the family's health, nutrition, welfare and I.Q., in both DCs and LDCs.

Zajonc, R. B. 1976. "Family configuration and intelligence". Science, vol. 129, pp. 227-236 (April 16). A recent study confirming that children in large families tend to perform less well scholastically.


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