This is the first detailed English commentary on the First Book of the Aeneid since R. S. Conway's edition, published posthumously in 1935. I have tried to make it suit the needs of varying types of student. The more I read Virgil, the more uncertain I am of this or that interpretation, but I hope that my commentary will throw some light at least on points that have not received attention previously.
I am grateful to many friends, especially to Dr. William Barr of Liverpool University, who saved me many journeys to a distant library, and to Mr. R. T. Williams of Durham University, whose knowledge of Greek art and of coins has enabled me to appear at home in an unfamiliar field. Professor Gordon Williams knows my debt to him: his penetrating criticism and comforting encouragement have given me incalculable help. I should not care to reveal the number of inaccuracies (and worse) from which Professor W. S. Watt, uir Argo oculatior, has mercifully delivered me. Finally, the Press readers, as always, deserve warm thanks for their vigilance.
R. G. A.
Stanton, Gloucestershire February, 1971