"We're all zapatistas, not just the compañeros with the rifles. Our demands are the same, and they have been the same for the last one hundred years: land and liberty."
—Interview with Francisco Lozano, campesino
of the Altos de Chiapas, February 1994
Emiliano Zapata, hero of the Mexican Revolution that overthrew the Porfirio Diaz dictatorship in 1910, died a victim of that revolution. With his call for tierra y libertad (land and liberty), Zapata helped make and shape the revolution. The governments that followed the toppling of the Porfirio Díaz dictatorship ( 1877-1910), while professing a commitment to the country's campesinos, * fell short of meeting the demands of the zapatistas for land and political freedom. In the end, the campesino general became an outlaw in the postrevolutionary state.
Ten years after he took up arms to defend the campesinos of his home state of Morelos, Zapata was assassinated by government emissaries____________________