THE RESHAPING OF CULT
FOR Sicily and Greek South Italy the end of the sixth and the beginning of the following century mark an age of heightened activity in building. This was especially expressed in sacred architecture. Not only Agrigentum and Syracuse, but also Selinus and the whole circle of cities of Magna Graecia adorn themselves with new shrines. The temples of Paestum, the ' Tavole Palatine ' of Metapontum, the column at Lacinium, have outlasted the centuries as speaking witnesses to the fact. More has come to light in the excavations that are for ever linked to the name of P. Orsi and his fellow-workers ; among other things, a plastic art, which, in contrast to the mother country, prefers earthenware even for monumental tasks.
The relation to this of the appearance of a sacred architecture in central Italy is at once realized, both in point of time and of nature. 1 The first Etruscan temples, whether in the homeland or in Latium and Campania, arose at that period, and that there was no lack of attempts at creation on the monumental scale will soon be seen. Plastic art on the grand scale in earthenware has its counterpart in the works of the school of Veii.
The relation can be drawn even closer, if we extend our field of vision to include the whole of the Greek world.
The beginning of the sixth century is marked by a series of political events of high significance. Within these years falls the rule of Cleisthenes of Sicyon, the law-giving of Solon, the reign of Croesus. Soon afterwards Pisistratus in Athens seizes the government of the state; in Naxos Lygdamis, in Samos Polycrates comes to power. For the first time, under the form of the tyranny, the great individual rises to decisive importance. The movement passes