Psychophysics: The Fundamentals

By George A. Gescheider | Go to book overview

12
Evaluation of Ratio Scaling Methods

DO RATIO SCALING METHODS MEASURE SENSATION MAGNITUDE?

In the methods of magnitude estimation and magnitude production, numerical estimations of sensation magnitude are obtained for a series of stimuli of varied intensity. The objective of the experiment is to establish precisely the functional relationship between stimulus intensity and sensation intensity. To accomplish this objective, valid measurements must be made of both stimulus and sensation intensity. It is important that the validity of both stimulus measurements and psychophysical judgments of sensation intensity be experimentally demonstrated. This has traditionally taken the form of demonstrations of additivity and transitivity of measurements.


Additivity

Techniques of physical measurement, when correctly used, generally produce valid measurements of the stimulus. It has been the tradition in physical science that any new method of measurement, in order to become widely accepted, must withstand vigorous tests of its validity. One test of validity requires that the measurements produced by a new method be in agreement with those produced by another method that is known to be valid. If a method with established validity does not already exist, other procedures must be used to test the validity of the new method. One such test is to evaluate the additivity of the measurements produced

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Psychophysics: The Fundamentals
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Acknowledgments x
  • 1- Psychophysical Measurement Of Thresholds: Differential Sensitivity 1
  • 2- Psychophysical Measurement Of Thresholds: Absolute Sensitivity 16
  • 3- The Classical Psychophysical Methods 45
  • 4- Classical Psychophysical Theory 73
  • 5- The Theory of Signal Detection 105
  • 6- Further Considerations of Tsd 125
  • 7- Procedures of Tsd 142
  • 8- Some Applications of Tsd 166
  • 9- The Measurement of Sensory Attributes And Discrimination Scales 183
  • 10- Partition Scales 207
  • 11- Psychophysical Ratio Scaling 231
  • 12- Evaluation of Ratio Scaling Methods 264
  • 13- The Psychophysical Law 296
  • 14- Some Fundamental Issues In Psychophysical Scaling 327
  • Conclusion 369
  • Appendix 371
  • Glossary 392
  • References 408
  • Author Index 425
  • Subject Index 431
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