FROM YEDDO TO SHANGHAI.
Hiogo.--The Place of Massacre.--A Japanese Steamer.--The Gulf of Osaka.--A Harem on a Pic-nic.--The City of Osaka.--The Tycoon's Castle.--Japanese Troops.-- Nagasaki.--Beautiful Scenery.--Christians of Nagasaki.--Japanese Character.-- Departure for China.--Concluding Reflections on Japan.
Hiogo ( Kobe), Monday, October 10th.--A voyage of thirty-six hours, in which night and rain have prevented all observation, has brought us to this southeastern port on the island of Niphon. The United States Consul, Mr. Stewart, and the agent of the Pacific Mail Line, came on board in the early morning. They were surprised when Mr. Seward pointed out to them with minuteness and accuracy the several places of interest in the port. "This," he said "is the European settlement, that place behind it the native town of Hiogo: the road which divides them is the one on which the Mikado's army was moving northward at the time when it fired upon and massacred the foreigners in 1864: this is the field through which the foreigners were pursued by the Japanese soldiers on that occasion: it was in the bay here on our right that the natives massacred the French naval surveying party in their boats: was it not in the building which I see on that hill that the Mikado's officers, who were condemned to death for those atrocious outrages, committed hari-kari, and that the foreign ministers interposed after seventeen such self-executions, and said, 'It is enough?' On this knoll is the place where the offenders were buried."
The official reports of those painful transactions which Mr. Van