AT HONG-KONG AGAIN.
Chinese Emigration to the United States.--The Canton Fisheries.--American Houses in China.--A Combination of Gamblers.--A Dinner at the United States Consulate.-- Mr. Seward's Speech.--Oriental and Eastern Civilization.--Policy of China.--Prospects of China.
Hong-Kong, January 1, 1871.--The Kin-San, on her returnvoyage, besides ourselves, had three cabin-passengers, all merchants of Macao. She had four hundred in the steerage: one hundred and fifty of them Chinese traders between Canton and Hong-Kong; the others, voluntary Chinese emigrants going to ship at Hong- Kong for San Francisco. The Chinese emigration to the United States goes exclusively from the province of Quan-Tong ( Canton) through the port of Canton. The Chinese emigration to other American countries, the West Indies, and South America, goes from the same province, but through the Portuguese port of Macao. The laws of the United States, which require consular examination and a certificate in each case that the emigration is voluntary, and made on sufficient guarantee, have proved entirely effective in preventing abduction, fraud, and violence. The emigrant to the United States is contented and cheerful. It is not so, however, with the emigrant who embarks at Macao. The system of abduction prevailing there is an abomination scarcely less execrable than the African slave-trade. The emigrants are promiscuously taken by fraud and force; ignorant of their destination, and without secu-