JERUSALEM AND ITS NEIGHBORHOOD.
Bethlehem.--The Grave of Rachel.--The City of Jerusalem.--The Mount of Olives.--The
Tomb of Zachariah.--The Tomb of Absalom.--An American Jew.--Bethany.--
Pilate's Palace.--The Greek Church in Palestine.--The Jews of Jerusalem.--Their
Wailing-Place.--The Jewish Sabbath.--Attendance at the Synagogue.--Bishop
Gobat.--Departure from Jerusalem.--Jaffa and Beirut.
June 12th.--"Let us now go even unto Betlehem and see this thing."
Bethlehem is the one place in all the wide world which, by its memories and associations, elevates the soul with emotions unmixed with sorrow, fear, or terror. The Christian mind, that is not unreasonably exacting, finds in the surroundings of Bethlehem, the "city of David," all the confirmation it needs or expects of the Gospel history--the broad, fertile mountain-plain, easily watered, and which, even now, amid the general desolation of the country, largely retains its verdure, and seems a natural field of the development of the patriarchal system. "In the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem," we rested under the shade of a graceful monument, recently erected by the believing Rothschilds, in full and unquestioning faith that it covers the spot where Rachel was buried, and upon which "Jacob set a pillar upon her grave: that is the pillar of Rachel's grave unto this day."
Bethlehem is built on the side of a gorge, on whose declivity run zigzag paths which are the streets of the village. The rocky steep has been cut perpendicularly down, and pierced with caves, which,