TRACY IMPOSES PEACE ON THE IROQUOIS NATIONS
Tracy's mission. The Carignan regiment. Appointment of an intendant: Talon. Conclusion of the Mésy affair. Maisonneuve forced to leave Montreal. Construction of forts. Courcelles' campaign. Peace parleys. The English in Manhattan. Campaign against the Mohawks. Peace imposed on the Five Nations. The colony ceded to the West India Company. Fur trade and commerce.
At last, after two long years, Louis XIV was going to keep his promise to come to the aid of New France. The Comte d'Estrades had been appointed Viceroy of America, but he was now engaged on a diplomatic mission in Holland, and to replace him the King commissioned on November 19, 1663, the Sieur Prouville de Tracy as Lieutenant-General of North and South America. M. de Tracy's otherwise distinguised career as officer and administrator had been interrupted during the Fronde when, as a result of anti-Mazarin activities, he found himself a state prisoner. He had been drawn into the factious party in the wake of his patron, the Duc de Longueville, and his misadventure had taught him the folly of being bound by loyalty to the wrong people. So when, after his release, he was able to resume his career, he resolved to avoid any such error in future.
At sixty-four years of age, M. de Tracy was still very active, with something of the musketeer's love of military pomp and public ceremony. His commission, dated November 19, 1663, ordered him first to recapture Cayenne from the Dutch and to settle certain administrative difficulties in Martinique and Guadeloupe, then to proceed to Canada to free that country from the dangerous Iroquois threat. He set out from La Rochelle in February 1664 with a fleet equipped for war, and sailed straight to the West Indies. When he had planted the fleur-de-lis once more in Cayenne, and re-established order in the West Indies, he set sail on