ECONOMIC INNOVATIONS AND
ORGANIZATION OF THE COLONY
Talon's second administration. Aids to settlement. The Indian situation. Garakontié and Courcelles. The Ré collets return to Canada. Economics: agriculture, tar, potash, tanning. Exploration: La Salle and the Sulpicians. The French in the West. Hudson Bay. Des Groseilliers, Radisson and the Hudson's Bay Company. Land grants: the seigniorial régime. Talon's departure. Results of his work. Evangelization. Administrative organization.
After a very brief respite, Talon was to resume his labours. Convinced that no other man could replace him in the work he had begun, Louis XIV appointed him Intendant for a second term. He set out from La Rochelle on July 15, but his ship was forced by a storm to put in at Lisbon. A second departure was followed by shipwreck a few miles from shore, and this time Talon returned to Paris. He re-embarked in May 1670, and after a voyage of three months reached Quebec, where the Superior of the Jesuits reported that his safe arrival brought great joy to all. 1
During his stay in France, Talon had been mindful that Canada's great need was for an increased population. The year before he had sent out 150 girls to be married and 239 other settlers. In the summer of 1670 the number of inhabitants was swelled by the addition of five companies of fifty soldiers each from the Carignan regiment and by 164 immigrants. In the following year there were 165 immigrants, and in 1672, 150. After that date the flow of emigrants from France was interrupted. France was at war with Holland, and since the King needed big armies, he decided that he could not also have big colonies. Hence, no assistance would be given to emigrants. But a remarkable achievement had already