IROQUOIS WAR. EXPEDITIONS INTO
ENGLISH TERRITORY. SIEGE OF QUEBEC.
Frontenac appointed Governor for a second term. Project to conquer New York. Evacuation of Fort Frontenac. More Iroquois raids. Expeditions against Corlaer, Salmon Falls and Casco. Iroquois peace parleys. Pacification of the western tribes. Frontenac advocates war. Skirmish with the English at La Prairie. Phipps and the English fleet before Quebec. Siege of Quebec. Failure and retreat of the English. Economic hardship in the colony.
Although Frontenac's clandestine traffic in furs, and still more his autocratic temper, had occasioned his recall in 1682, the King now chose him to replace Denonville. Since his return to France seven years before, the former Governor had lived quietly on the fringes of the Court as the guest of the Marshal of Bellefonds, whose influence had procured for him a pension of 3,500 livres. At the age of sixty-seven, Frontenac entered upon his second term of office, and the King indicated the special service which was required of him: "to procure the peace" which was an urgent necessity for the colony. The royal instructions also included the customary warning not to allow ecclesiastical authority to be extended "beyond its proper limits," but other clauses suggested that in this respect, as well as in others, the fiery Governor would be expected to change his ways. He was not to allow any trade to be carried on in his name, and he was to "maintain harmonious relations with the Bishop of Quebec" and the Jesuits. 1
A few days after the King had signed Frontenac's commission, the situation in Canada was completely changed by England's declaration of war on France. The English were now officially the chief enemy of France in America. Accordingly, new instructions