CAPTURE OF PORT ROYAL BY THE ENGLISH AND
CONQUEST OF NEWFOUNDLAND BY THE FRENCH
Franco-Abenahi hostilities. Minas ravaged by Church. His defeat at Port Royal. Destruction of Narantsouak. Domestic difficulties and quarrels. Siege and capture of Port Royal. English and French in Newfoundland. D'Iberville's victories. English attempts against Placentia. Expeditions of Subercase and Saint-Ovide. Treaty of Utrecht.
Brouillan had arrived full of new plans for Acadia, but their execution was prevented by the outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession in May 1702. The Governor immediately proposed a neutrality pact with New England, but his offer was rejected and both the French and the English colonies were faced with possibility of invasion. Brouillan had only sixty regulars and about three hundred militiamen to defend Port Royal, but he hastened the completion of the defences, and sent envoys with presents to the Indians. 1 The English in their turn rebuilt the fort at Pemaquid which had been destroyed by d'Iberville, and the Governor of Massachusetts signed an agreement with the Abenakis. Such agreements were, however, never completely binding on the Indians, and neither they nor the French were deterred from hostile action by prudent fear of reprisals. The Abenakis allowed themselves to be won over again by the Abbé Rasles and in August 1703 they joined Beaubassin's successful expedition against Wells. The English, however, recovering quickly, drove back Beaubassin and his Indians from Saco and destroyed the habitation at Pentagoët. The following year, determined to rid their settlements of the Indian threat, the authorities sent detachments in pursuit of the Abenaki raiders and offered a bounty of forty pounds sterling for a scalp,