Germany and the Central Powers in the World War, 1914- 1918

By Walther Hubatsch; Oswald P. Backus | Go to book overview

7. The Climax, 1915

Defense on the western front. In 1915, the Central Powers gained considerable military and political success on the eastern front and in the Balkans. In the west and on the Italian front, all enemy attacks were repulsed. Turkey had kept her position unexpectedly well, Bulgaria had been gained as a new ally, and Serbia and Montenegro were no longer in the ranks of the adversaries. Italy's entry into the war, however, had decided the fight for the Mediterranean in favor of the Allies. The hope that the adversary would see that all further attacks against the Central Powers were useless and would thus be ready for peace talks was, because of this Italian action, never fulfilled. Although, in 1915, German operations were marked by careful deployment of forces, this second year of the war in which the German field army alone lost 500,000 killed and over 1,000,000 wounded, saw the highest casualties of the entire war. The problem now was how to end the fighting without exaggerated losses. Falkenhayn had completely dropped his hope for peace and wanted to gain a military decision in France in 1916 in order to strike down "Britain's strongest sword on the Continent."

It is doubtful whether a withdrawal of the German right wing in Belgium would have made the conflict once more a war of movement. Shortening the front line would have saved reserves; however, the adversary would have had the same advantage. Moreover, Germany lacked the manpower and the means now to build necessary field fortifications in the rear, and she could not obtain them even by the most strenuous efforts of the people at home. Thus she had to be satisfied with defensive activity along existing lines. After the serious casualties suffered by the Russian army in the summer of 1915, the eastern front could be regarded as well established. The Supreme Command, of course, did not expect any decision by an offensive in Northern Italy.

Crisis of the naval command. The Supreme Command now had to examine the problem of whether or not to make better use of the navy which thus far had not joined in the fighting. In 1915, the German naval command was in a permanent crisis. In connection with the loss of the Bluecher in the clash between battle cruisers near the Dogger Bank on January 25, 1915, such great shortcomings in the leadership of the fleet became obvious that the then chief of the naval staff, vonPohl

-60-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Germany and the Central Powers in the World War, 1914- 1918
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction xi
  • 1 - Prologue 1
  • 2 - World War I and Its Beginning 14
  • 3 - War on Two Fronts 26
  • 4 - The Central Powers at the End of 1914 40
  • 5 - Success Against Russia, 1915 46
  • 6 - The Fight for Position in The Mediterranean 52
  • 7 - The Climax, 1915 60
  • 8 - Battles of Materiel and Mass Attacks 1916 67
  • 9 - Internal Political Changes 77
  • 10 - War and Politics in 1917 89
  • 11 - From Brest-Litovsk to Compiegne 102
  • 12 - Concluding Observations 119
  • Notes 122
  • Index 125
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 138

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.