Germany and the Central Powers in the World War, 1914- 1918

By Walther Hubatsch; Oswald P. Backus | Go to book overview

Stein's Promemoria for the Grand Duke of Baden, Frankfurt, February 12, 1816, in Freiherr vom Stein, Briefe und amtliche Schriften, ed. E. Botzenhart, rev. ed. W. Hubatsch, vol. 5, Stuttgart, 1962.
H. O. Meisner: "Der Reichskanzler Caprivi", Zeitschtift für die gesamte Staatswissenschaft, vol. 111, 1955, p. 725.
The newly published book of Dr. Fritz Fischer, Griff nach der Weltmacht: Die Kriegszielpolitik der kaiserlichen Deutschlands 1914/18, Düsseldorf, 1961, tries to demonstrate the opposite opinion. Dr. Fischer, however, while using both primary and secondary material, obviously did not realize the background of thinking, writing and acting in the epoch of international imperialism. I am sure that, after this present challenge, historiography, based on continued hard work of verification and comparison with the results of research in all countries, will find its way back to the outlines I have indicated.
Amtliche Aktenstücke zur Geschichte der Europäischen Politik 1885-1914, 1. Suppl. vol.: Belgische Aktenstucke 1905-1914, Berlin, 1925, No. 47.
H. Baechtold: "Der entscheidende weltpolitische Wendepunkt der Vorkriegszeit", Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, vol. 20, Jena, 1924, p. 398.
S. B. Fay, The Origins of the World War, vol. 2, New York, 1928.
For this chapter see: J. Bryce, Modern Democracies, 1-2, London 1921; R. C. K. Ensor, England, 1870-1914, Oxford, 1936; D. W. Brogan, The Development of Modern France, 1870- 1939, London 1947; B. Croce, Storia d'Italia del 1871al 1915, Bari 1928; R. A. Kann, The Multinational Empire, Nationalism and National Reform in the Habsburg Monarchy, 1848-1918, 1-2, New York, 1950; E. C. Helmrich, The Diplomacy of the Balkan Wars, 1912/13, Cambridge ( Mass.), 1938; K. Staehlin, Geschichte Russlands, IV, 2, Königsberg, 1939; F. Hartung, Deutsche Geschichte, 1871-1919, Stuttgart, 1952. Generally see: W. L. Langer, The diplomacy of Imperialism, 1890-1902, 2nd ed., New York, 1950 and T. A. Bailey's famous works. A special study concerning the idea of an European continental bloc against Great Britain is given by P. R. Anderson, The Background of anti-English Feeling, 1890-1902, Washington, 1939.
It is impossible to itemize here the overwhelmingly large number of books concerning World War I. Generally, in this edition the literature cited is that which is available to the English speaking reader. Modern general bibliography (also for titles in foreign languages): Bücherschau der Weltkriegsbücherei, vol. 32, Stuttgart, 1960. For detailed German research, see the German edition of this book, pp. 65-72.

Official works of the Central Powers: Der Weltkrieg 1914-1918; Die militärischen Operationen zu Lande, 14 vols., Berlin, 1925- 1944 (Vol. 13 and 14 I/ II ed. Bundesarchiv, 1956); Der Krieg zur See 1914-1918, 18 vols., Berlin, 1922- 1944. Additional series: Kriegsrüstung und Kriegswirtchaft, vol. 1, 1871- 1914, Berlin, 1930; Das deutsche Feldeisenbahnwesen, vol. 1, Berlin, 1928; Die Überwasserstreitkräfte und ihre Technik; Die deutschen Luftstreitkräfte 1914-1918, vols. 1, 6, 7, Berlin 1941- 1943; Oesterreich-Ungarns letzter Krieg 1914- 1918, 7 vols., Wien, 1930- 1938, 10 suppl. vols., 1930- 1937; Oesterreich-Ungarns Seekrieg 1914-1918, Wien, 1930- 1933; Histoire des opérations Ottomanes dans la guerre mondiale, Paris, 1924; A. Ehmin, Turkey in the World War, New Haven, 1930; Nédeff, Ler opérations en Macédonie, Sofia, 1930; G. T. Danailow, Les Effects de la guerre en Bulgarie, Paris, 1930.

Biographies and Memoirs of the political and military leaders of the Central Powers: Th. v. Bethmann Hollweg, Betrachtungen zum Weltkriege, 2 vols., Berlin, 1919- 1921; G. Michaelis, Für Volk und Staat, Berlin, 1922; G. Frh. v. Hertling, Erinnerungen aus meinem Leben, 2 vols., Kempten, 1919-20; Max Prinz v. Baden, Erinnerungen und Dokumente, Stuttgart, 1927; M. Erzberger, Erlebnisse im Weltkriege, Stuttgart, 1929; W. Rathenau, Schriften aus Kriegs-und Nachkriegszeit, Berlin, 1929; G. Stresemann, Vermächtnis, 3 vols., 1932-33; P. v. Hindenburg , Aus meinem Leben, Leipzig, 1920; E. Ludendorff, Meine Kriegserinnerungen 1914-1918, Berlin, 1919; A. v. Tirpitz, Erinnerungen, Leipzig, 1919; W. Groener, Lebenserinnerungen, Göttingen, 1957; St. Grf. Tisza, Briefe 1914-18, 3 vols., Budapest, 1928; St. Grf. Burian , Drei Jahre aus der Zeit meiner Amtsführung im Kriege, Berlin, 1923; Grf. O. Czernin , Im Weltkriege, Berlin, 1919; F. Conrad v. Höltzendorf, Aus meiner Dienstzeit 1906- 1918, 5 vols., Wien, 1921-25; A. Arz v. Straussenburg, Zur Geschichte des grossen Krieges, Wien, 1924; A. Djemal Pasha, Erinnerungen eines türkischen Staatsmannes, München, 1922; V. Radoslawow, Bulgarien und die Weltkrise, Berlin, 1923.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Germany and the Central Powers in the World War, 1914- 1918
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction xi
  • 1 - Prologue 1
  • 2 - World War I and Its Beginning 14
  • 3 - War on Two Fronts 26
  • 4 - The Central Powers at the End of 1914 40
  • 5 - Success Against Russia, 1915 46
  • 6 - The Fight for Position in The Mediterranean 52
  • 7 - The Climax, 1915 60
  • 8 - Battles of Materiel and Mass Attacks 1916 67
  • 9 - Internal Political Changes 77
  • 10 - War and Politics in 1917 89
  • 11 - From Brest-Litovsk to Compiegne 102
  • 12 - Concluding Observations 119
  • Notes 122
  • Index 125


Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 138

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

    New feature

    It is estimated that 1 in 10 people have dyslexia, and in an effort to make Questia easier to use for those people, we have added a new choice of font to the Reader. That font is called OpenDyslexic, and has been designed to help with some of the symptoms of dyslexia. For more information on this font, please visit

    To use OpenDyslexic, choose it from the Typeface list in Font settings.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search


    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.