Facing the Future:
How Effective Schools
Meet the Challenges
Should we look to the future with hope or despair? Alfred North Whitehead , in his 1929 book, Aims of Education and Other Essays, wrote:
When one considers in its length and breadth, the importance of the nation's young, the broken lives, the defeated hopes, the national failures, which result from the frivolous inertia with which [education] is treated, it is difficult to restrain within oneself a savage rage.
Toni Morrison, in The Bluest Eye ( 1994), echoes Whitehead's sentiment when she describes Pecola's story: "A little black girl yearns for the blue eyes of a little white girl, and the horror at the heart of her yearning is exceeded only by the evil of fulfillment" (p. 204).
America's Religious Right does not approve of many of the writings of Nobel Prize winning novelist Toni Morrison. In many communities, parents who follow the tenets of the social conservatism that has become increasingly strident in public education have been successful in pulling Morrison's books from the shelves of school libraries.
One of Morrison's books that incites conservative ire is The Bluest Eye. It is the story of a young black girl, Pecola, who lives in poverty of home, community, and spirit. She believes she is ugly, of no value, and that only by having blue eyes will someone