The Quakers

By Hugh Barbour; J. William Frost | Go to book overview

Quakers often echoed biblical phrases but perhaps they seemed the normal language of the Spirit. Friends were also willing to obey a lack of leading, when no words were given. Higginson noted with mirth that two Friends came to visit a Cumberland squire, stating they were "sent from God," but when he "demanded what that voice commanded them to say to him they answered it was not yet given to them." They still had not received a message next day and went home. 31

In the tradition of the Hebrew prophets, some Friends also felt called to make symbolic gestures, such as going through the streets of a city naked or in sack- cloth, as a warning against moral nakedness (cf. Is.20:2-3). 32 The shock that such an act aroused in every Puritan mind would make any Quaker's half- conscious impulse to do the same seem a "cross" to pride and self-will and drive him to yield to such impulses. The Puritans naturally called such "signs" Ranterism.

The Quaker mission was thus both a product of the inner "Lamb's War" that each Friend had been through and an extension of it across the world as a spiritual conquest of new peoples. At times "the Lamb's War" was a regional ingathering of masses of unchurched families, as in the English Northwest. At other times it was sharply focused on regions of proud resistance, as in Cornwall and New England. Public resistance to "convincement" after 1656 made Friends realize that aggressive preaching and shocking "signs" often aroused hostility without shaking hearts. Nayler and Penington reexamined "the Lamb's War" and its relation to Quaker behavior and how God deals with evil.


NOTES
1.
William Penn, "Preface to George Fox", A Journal ( 1694), J-2.
2.
See John Banks, A Journal of the Life . . . of . . . John Banks ( 1712), 66-67. Fox, feeling divine power not only in himself but also in others, hated adoration.
3.
Thomas Lower, who had married Mary, daughter of Margaret Fell, wrote at Fox's dictation the "Spence manuscript" of his Journal in 1674. George Fox, A Journal ( 1694), edited by Thomas Ellwood at Fox's request from the Spence manuscript and other documents, was abridged in many later editions. In 1911 Norman Penney published literatim the manuscript version (hereafter Fox, Camb. Jnl). Fox, Journal, ed. John L. Nickalls ( Cambridge: 1952), included all of Fox's main autobiographical manuscripts. No certifiable portrait of Fox survives. William Penn and Robert Barclay exalted Fox's role and the authority of his inward guidance in reply to Friends who rejected Fox's leadership in the 1670s. Until 1656 James Nayler and others had shared Fox's roles as leader. Lewis Benson 's Catholic Quakerism ( Philadelphia: 1968) and articles in Quaker Religious Thought (hereafter QRT) and New Foundation publications are the latest to identify Quakerism wholly with Fox's teachings.
4.
The scapegrace ex-Quaker Nathaniel Smith claimed in The Quakers Spiritual Court Proclaimed ( 1668) that, while jailed with him at Lancaster, Fox told him the world was flat.
5.
See Joseph Pickvance, George Fox and the Purefeys . . . in Fenny Drayton ( Lon

-35-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Quakers
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Denominations in America ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations ix
  • Series Foreword xi
  • Preface xiii
  • Part One the Quakers: A History of Friends in America 1
  • 1: Introduction 3
  • 2: The Religious Setting of the Early Friends 11
  • 3 - The Lamb's War and the Awakening of the North of England 35
  • 4: Quaker Worship and Ethics and Their Transformation, 1652-1662 39
  • 5 - The Mission to America 58
  • 6: England, 1660-1689 61
  • 7: The Quaker Colonies 73
  • 8: A Tolerated Society of Friends 83
  • 9: A Spiritual Existence 95
  • 10: A Disciplined Christian Life 107
  • 11: Crisis and Reformation 119
  • 12: The American Revolutions 137
  • 13: Quaker Migrants to Carolina and the Midwest; Eastern Philanthropists 153
  • 14: Separations 169
  • 15: The Midcontinent in the Midcentury, 1828-1867 185
  • 16: West and Midwest, 1867- 1902 203
  • 17: The Liberal Transformation 219
  • 18: Suburban and College Friends 231
  • 19: Creativity in Peacemaking 247
  • 20: Social Service and Social Change, 1902-1970 261
  • 21: New Forms of Quaker Interaction, 1960-1987 271
  • Part Two a Biographical Dictionary of Former Quaker Leaders in America 281
  • A 285
  • B 287
  • C 301
  • D 311
  • E 313
  • F 315
  • G 321
  • H 327
  • J 337
  • K 343
  • L 347
  • M 351
  • P 357
  • R 363
  • S 365
  • T 369
  • U 371
  • V 373
  • W 375
  • Appendix: Chronology 381
  • Bibliographic Essay 385
  • Index 393
  • About the Authors 409
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 412

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.