A ARCHDALE, John.
( 1642-1717). Education
: Self-educated or tutors. Career
Colonial governor; English politician. Archdale had been administrator in Maine for his brother-in-law Sir Ferdinando Gorges
, 1664-66, and returned to England before George Fox*
as a Friend; in 1678 he bought in his son's name Lord Berkeley's share as a
Proprietor of Carolina and in 1683 settled there; he was asked to act as governor
for 1685-86 and returned in 1695-96 with special powers from the Proprietors
as landgrave over the 2,000 scattered settlers. He slowly eased the way of
Huguenot refugees in Charleston, protected Quakers from oaths or bearing arms,
divided the administrations of North and South Carolina, and made peace with
and among the Indians and between Friends and Moderated and Low-Church
Anglican parties in the Assembly. Returning to England, he was elected to
Parliament in 1698 but could not take his seat because an oath was required.
|A. || Description of the Carolina Colony ( 1789).|
|B. || BFHA III, IV, V; BSP; DAB; DNB; DQB; JQAC; Hinshaw, Carolina; JFHS II; QAC; Wilmer A. Cooper, "Ethical Implications of Quaker Participation in Politics" (M.A.
thesis, Haverford College, 1948); William S. Powell, The Proprietors of Carolina
( Raleigh, N.C.: 1965); Henry G. Hood, Jr., The Public Career of John Archdale
( Greensboro, N.C.: 1976).|