( 21 August 1789, Upper Darby, PA--25 January, 1871, Wilmington, DE). Education
: Unknown. Career
: Iron and hardware storekeeper.Thomas Garrett was an abolitionist who became a leading figure in the Underground Railroad. A lifelong Quaker, Garrett's first involvement with slavery
came in 1813 when he rescued a household servant who had been kidnapped.
In 1818 he joined the Pennsylvania Abolitionist Society and later became a
supporter of William Lloyd Garrison.In 1822 Garrett moved to Wilmington, where he became a wealthy merchant
and made no secret of his antislavery views and activities. He became a Hicksite
after 1827 and associated with Lucretia Mott*
. While not encouraging slaves to
run away, he believed that aiding them was a Christian duty and claimed in 1863 to have helped 2,322, of whom only 3 were recaptured. Garrett provided
financial aid to Harriet Tubman, ventured into slave states to help kidnapped
free blacks, and helped support two schools for blacks in Wilmington. In 1848,
after suffering disastrous business reverses that cost him his fortune, he was
arrested, tried, and convicted for aiding fugitive slaves. In spite of paying a
$1,500 fine, Garrett announced that he would continue to help blacks. He rebuilt
his business and became prosperous again and continued to help fugitive slaves.
A nonresistant who refused to vote, he decided that the Civil War was the only
possible means of freeing all slaves.
|A. || James A. McGowan, Station Master on the Underground Railroad: The Life and
Letters of Thomas Garrett (Moylan, Pa.: 1977).|
GRELLET, STEPHEN[ ETIENNE DE GRELLET DU MABILLIER] ( 2
November 1773, Limoges, France--16 November 1855, Burlington, NJ). Education: Military College of Lyon, France. Career: Quaker minister; prison