LLOYD, DAVID ( 1656, Wales--6 April 1731, Chester, PA). Education: Studied law. Career: Lawyer; land speculator; farmer; attorney general of Pennsylvania, 1686-1700; chief justice of Pennsylvania, 1717-31; member of Assembly intermittently, often speaker, 1694-1726.
David Lloyd was a poor Welshman who gained a good legal education and became acquainted with William Penn* through working in a law office in London dealing with Pennsylvania from 1683 to 1686. He migrated to Pennsylvania in 1686 and became the colony's attorney general. He allied himself with his kinsman, Thomas Lloyd, president of the council, against Penn's deputy governor, John Blackwell, in 1688. Lloyd later opposed the attempts of Benjamin Fletcher, the royal governor, to gain a militia and war tax. Lloyd continued his defiance of both the royal and proprietary prerogatives, and in 1700 Penn rebuked him and removed him as attorney general. Lloyd continued to be an inveterate opponent of Penn.
Soon after he moved to Pennsylvania, Lloyd became a Quaker. He consistently opposed appropriations for defense and favored using the affirmation in court cases. He became an overseer in Chester Monthly Meeting and participated in the 1729 revision of the Discipline. His political opponents --James Logan*, Penn, and the deputy governors --thought Lloyd able but unscrupulous. The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting twice publicly intervened in politics against him and on each occasion he was defeated.
As leader of the popular party in the assembly, Lloyd sought to divide Pennsylvania from Delaware, to reduce the power of the Proprietor over the courts and lands, to make the Council a purely advisory body, and to strengthen the power of the Assembly. As speaker of the Assembly and one of the few lawyers in early Pennsylvania, he played an important role in shaping the colony's laws.