The Quakers

By Hugh Barbour; J. William Frost | Go to book overview

R

RUSSELL, ELBERT. ( 29 August, 1871, Friendsville, TN--21 September, 1951, St. Petersburg, FL). Education: Friendsville, TN, school; West Newton, IN, school and high school, 1879-90; B. A. (German), Earlham, 1890-95; Ph.D. (New Testament), University of Chicago, 1901-3. Career: Bible professor; seminary dean.

Russell's mother and his father, a poet, sawmiller, and schoolteacher, died when he was eight; he was raised on a hoosier grandfather's farm. At college he studied the German and Gothic languages. His vacations at college were sawmilling and biking in the Tennessee hills. He was already clerk of his Preparative Meeting at eighteen. He had married his high school friend Lieuetta Cox when suddenly President J. J. Mills asked him to stay on to teach at Earlham. The next year, 1896, he was asked to replace Dougan Clark* as Professor of Bible and was sent to Moody Bible Institute and Chautauqua to learn Hebrew. He used historical and language skills to seek personalities within the Bible. After five years of teaching he insisted on full graduate work at Chicago. He returned to Earlham a liberal in theology and concerned for social ministry as well as missions. William Pinkham accused Russell of not believing in the devil. In 1909 the Russells and their two children visited English and Irish Friends and lectured. In 1914 he ran for Congress for Roosevelt's Progressive Party.

His concerns to liberalize Quakerism and keep Earlham Quaker led him and the West Richmond Meeting to propose building a large meeting-house on campus to serve also for Yearly Meeting session and for students, of whom he was chaplain. When this idea was rejected in 1915, both by President Kelly and by Indiana Friends through the Earlham Board, Russell resigned, going to teach and study at Johns Hopkins and in 1917 to direct the Woolman School, predecessor to Pendle Hill, in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania. In 1924-5 the Russells spent fifteen months in England, Germany, and Palestine, working for Wood

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The Quakers
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Denominations in America ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations ix
  • Series Foreword xi
  • Preface xiii
  • Part One the Quakers: A History of Friends in America 1
  • 1: Introduction 3
  • 2: The Religious Setting of the Early Friends 11
  • 3 - The Lamb's War and the Awakening of the North of England 35
  • 4: Quaker Worship and Ethics and Their Transformation, 1652-1662 39
  • 5 - The Mission to America 58
  • 6: England, 1660-1689 61
  • 7: The Quaker Colonies 73
  • 8: A Tolerated Society of Friends 83
  • 9: A Spiritual Existence 95
  • 10: A Disciplined Christian Life 107
  • 11: Crisis and Reformation 119
  • 12: The American Revolutions 137
  • 13: Quaker Migrants to Carolina and the Midwest; Eastern Philanthropists 153
  • 14: Separations 169
  • 15: The Midcontinent in the Midcentury, 1828-1867 185
  • 16: West and Midwest, 1867- 1902 203
  • 17: The Liberal Transformation 219
  • 18: Suburban and College Friends 231
  • 19: Creativity in Peacemaking 247
  • 20: Social Service and Social Change, 1902-1970 261
  • 21: New Forms of Quaker Interaction, 1960-1987 271
  • Part Two a Biographical Dictionary of Former Quaker Leaders in America 281
  • A 285
  • B 287
  • C 301
  • D 311
  • E 313
  • F 315
  • G 321
  • H 327
  • J 337
  • K 343
  • L 347
  • M 351
  • P 357
  • R 363
  • S 365
  • T 369
  • U 371
  • V 373
  • W 375
  • Appendix: Chronology 381
  • Bibliographic Essay 385
  • Index 393
  • About the Authors 409
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