The policies of the Internal Revenue Office, a part of the emerging administrative state, angered all drys, but the actions drys took to remedy the problems created by the agency changed over time. Most drys, at least before 1900, hoped for abolition of the tax. When abolitionist-style solutions began to fare badly, prohibitionists developed proposals for using the tax system to achieve temperance goals. The rise of the Anti-Saloon League brought to the fore these alternatives for dealing with the liquor tax implicit in some prohibition circles. But the league, which had been constructed as an instrument to pressure political parties, had difficulty in directly influencing the bureaucrats. As the parties still dominated the executive and legislative branches, however, the league was able to exert indirect pressure on federal tax officials. Thus, the league's political power won legislation from Congress and concessions from federal bureaucrats. These victories gave the league credibility within the temperance movement, helping to establish it as the predominant prohibitionist organization.
The federal Internal Revenue Office's belligerent policies toward prohibition were a key reason for the radical prohibition