By this time it should be apparent that although every third person in the South is a Negro, the region is pre-eminently white man's country. The Negro has no effective voice in conducting its public affairs, either legislative, executive, judicial, or civil. His daily life is governed not only by discriminatory legal codes and even more discriminatory law enforcement, but also by the rigorous dictates of an interracial etiquette enforced by lynch law (for further details see the South or Charles S. Johnson's Patterns of Negro Segregation).
Comes now the question--if it has not long since--"Is the South insane?" The answer is a categorical "Yes"; and its insanity has infected the entire nation.
Addicted as it is to protestations of Christianity and Americanism, the white South has long been suffering the mental torment of the damned, trying to rationalize the irreconcilable contradiction between the Christian-American doctrine of the brotherhood of man and the unchristian and un-American systems of slavery and white supremacy. After generations of being thus "troubled in mind," the white South, in addition to becoming the nation's economic problem No. 1, has also become the nation's pathological problem No. 1.
It was the historical purpose of the Civil War to eliminate this contradiction in American society, but that aim was handed down to us for solution when the Reconstruction Klan was permitted to ask its initiates: "Do you believe that this should be a White Man's Country, and will you faithfully strive to maintain it as such?"