Because of the subversion of democracy in the South by the poll tax, white primary, anti-unionism, and race prejudice, the reactionary forces of the whole nation concentrated their efforts on the region in their all-out 1944 campaign to get rid of "That Man" in the White House and his supporters in Congress. The Southern slavocracy co-operated wholeheartedly in this conspiracy, for the Roosevelt Administration had threatened to uproot their spoils system by giving top priority to solutions for the problem of the South (the Tennessee Valley Authority and Farm Security Administration, to mention but two).
The 1944 campaign was a real showdown between the forces of progress and reaction in the South and nation. The archreactionaries revealed as never before their willingness to resort to fascism itself rather than permit peaceful progress in this country. The campaign they waged against Roosevelt was itself 99.44 per cent pure fascist. They tried desperately to turn race against race, religion against religion, farmers and servicemen against labor, region against region, and nation against nation. They sought to provoke pogroms, and they spoke in deadly earnest of stealing the election and assassinating President Roosevelt. And all this while America was locked in a life-and-death struggle against foreign fascism.
In the Southern revolt against Roosevelt, all the rottenness of the slavocracy festered into a boil, came to a head, and broke out in an ugly sore. While k was not a pretty sight, we must examine