Many people have said that to a large extent the South is already under the heel of fascism. As Franklin D. Roosevelt said at Gainesville, Georgia, "When you come down to it, there is little difference between the feudal system and the fascist system. If you believe in the one, you lean to the other. With the overwhelming majority of the people of this State, I oppose feudalism."
But modern feudalism is not the only manifestation of fascism. Unfortunately, many Americans have been taught--often deliberately--to think of fascism as a disease confined to the Axis nations--and completely cured by the Allied victory. This misconception, if not speedily righted, might prove even more costly than America's original sin of failing to recognize and help stamp out Axis fascism the moment it appeared. We would do well, therefore, to clarify our conception of fascism as it has manifested itself both nationally and universally.
As O. John Rogge, special assistant to the U. S. Attorney General and prosecutor in the 1945 sedition trial, has said, "International fascism, though defeated in battle, is not dead. Fascism is not dead in England, nor is it dead in the United States... It is simply reconverting. But even in reconversion, American fascism has been unable to avoid falling into a readily recognizable pattern . . . Mere word substitution--such as 'Nationalist' for 'Fascist'--is a poor disguise."
It was Benito Mussolini who imposed the first modern system of fascism, and for that reason, if for no other, his definition of