Just as the organization of farm folk into democratic unions is essential to the success of all other programs for Southern agricultural progress, so must unionization of the South's industrial workers go hand in hand with the region's industrial progress.
The equalization of freight rates and the expansion of river- valley development à la TVA will give rise to an industrialized South. But the South has already learned through sad experience that prosperity does not automatically accompany industrialization. At the turn of the century the South was taken in by the glamorous word pictures of the "New South" which Georgia's Henry W. Grady assured them would be ushered in by railroads and industry. But the railroads came, and, instead of bringing prosperity, hauled off the South's natural wealth for the enrichment of other areas. Industries came South too, but often they were secondhand, and instead of fat pay rolls they paid starvation wages for long hours of work performed under sweatshop conditions; and instead of proving to be a blessing to the community they became a blight; and when the workers sought to organize unions for protection they were ruthlessly broken up by violence and terrorism. In short, the "New South," as it has thus far materialized, has in large measure supplanted the planter slavocracy with a corporate slavocracy, as often as not subject to outside control, and dedicated to the purpose of keeping the South in semicolonial status.
In other words, industrialization is not to be regarded as a cureall, nor even as good medicine, unless it is accompanied by