Since race prejudice is by all odds the greatest obstacle to democratic unification of the South--and hence is the greatest barrier to Southern progress--an understanding of how prejudice is made, not born, is essential to an understanding of "how come" the South is so sorely afflicted in this respect.
Needless to say, such prejudice is not indigenous to the South alone, nor does it arise from any innate propensity of Southerners.
Before man, prejudice was. Prejudice came into being when the first animal developed sufficient memory to enable it to sustain anger, and human prejudice is simply animal prejudice in its most intricate form. Instinctive xenophobia--fear of the unknown--is common to man and many other animals. A gift of natural selection, its efficacy as a lifesaver in a predatory world has brought it down to us through eons of time. Thus the child's first thought upon being confronted by a strange animal, human or otherwise, is "Will it bite?" If it does bite, then the child's worst fears are confirmed and a complicated sequence of emotional and psychological reactions sets in which may culminate in prejudice and hate.
Primitive men no sooner became aware of their racial and cultural divergencies than they began to band together in tribes of their own kind--and individual xenophobias merged into group xenophobias. As such, they acquired the characteristics of mass psychology. The individual's fear of strange tribesmen was re-enforced by the identical fears of all his fellow tribesmen; and