LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION OF MENTAL DEFECTIVES
Joseph E. Spradlin1
The term "language," as commonly used, refers to a conglomeration of events ranging from gestures to hieroglyphics. However, within the present context language will refer to the speech and gestures of a speaker and to the responses to speech and gestures made by a listener. The term "speaker" refers to a person who makes either a speech or a gestural response. The term "listener" refers to the person who responds to either a speech or a gestural response.
Communication simply refers to language which is interpersonal. Ordinarily communication involves verbal exchange; however, it need not. Communication can be one way, as in the case of commands. The response of the listener need not be immediate for communication to occur. For example, a speaker may tell his listener, "When you go to the grocery store, bring me a pack of cigarettes." Usually the listener will make a verbal response to such a request, but he might not. However, if at a later time the listener brought the speaker the package of cigarettes, then communication would have occurred.
In view of the above statement the reader might expect a discussion of speech, gestures, the listener's reaction to speech and gestures (language comprehension), and the various interactions of speaker-listener behavior. Actually, the state of language research in the area of mental deficiency____________________