STORIES AND INFORMATION:
TWO JOURNALISMS IN
REPORTING was an invention of the end of the nineteenth century, but it was a two-part invention: the emergence of the new occupation played off against the industrialization of the newspaper. And while there was much that united the ideology of reporters, there was much that divided the identities of the newspapers for which they worked. In New York, most of the major papers were direct descendants of the penny press: the Sun, the Herald, the Tribune, and the Times. Of papers that antedated the penny press, only the Evening Post still had an important following. The two largest papers were the World, begun in 1859 and revived by Joseph Pulitzer in 1883, and the Journal, begun in 1882 by Pulitzer's brother but escorted to the stage of history when William Randolph Hearst bought it in 1895. Both of these papers were sharply distinguished from the others; they represented what contemporaries generally referred to as "the new journalism." The established papers found their competition and their manners deeply disturbing and wrote of them with the same moral horror that had greeted their own arrival in New York journalism fifty years before.