Labor Economics: Theory, Institutions, and Public Policy

By Ray Marshall; Vernon M. Briggs Jr. | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 2
Labor and Industrialization

The conditions of work were transformed by the technological, social, political, and economic changes accompanying industrialization. Although industrialization is one of the modern world's most revolutionary phenomena, its impact on social institutions differs in different times and places, depending on the peculiarities of the society being transformed. This chapter outlines some of the main characteristics of industrialization, with emphasis on its importance for labor issues, and discusses some of the conditions of workers in contemporary industrializing societies.

The following chapter discusses some of the important changes that have eroded many of the basic features of industrialized economies, leading to what some call a postindustrial system, but which we prefer to call the international information society.


THE NATURE OF INDUSTRIALIZING SOCIETIES

The first country to experience rapid industrialization was Great Britain during the last part of the 18th century. Rapid industrialization followed in the first half of the 19th century in France, Belgium, and the United States; it began about mid-century in Germany, the last quarter of the century in Sweden and Japan, and since that time in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and many Latin-American and eastern and southern European countries. Four eminent labor economists have noted that the industrial society tends everywhere to require broad ranges of skills and professional competence, widely distributed throughout the economy; to have dynamic, rapidly changing technologies; to be open societies, "inconsistent with the assignment of managers or workers to occupations or to jobs by traditional caste, racial groups, by sex or by family status"; to require educational systems to produce the skills and professions needed for its technology; to create increasing levels of general education; and to require the recruitment and structuring of work forces in order to meet labor and managerial requirements.1

Industrial societies also tend to be urbanized and to become increasingly complex, requiring an expansion of governmental functions to provide necessary infrastructure

____________________
1
Clark Kerr, John T. Dunlop, Frederick Harbison, and Charles Myers, Industrialism and Industrial Man ( Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1960), p. 35.

-11-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Labor Economics: Theory, Institutions, and Public Policy
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 658

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.