1879 Born, Springfield, Illinois, November 10. Educated in the public schools. Before he was fourteen he had read Poe's "complete works, criticism and all, through and through."
1897-1900 Attended Hiram College, Ohio. Read standard authors, and experimented with drawing.
1900-03 Attended Art Institute of Chicago.
1904-05 At New York School of Art. Devoted himself to "drawing architecture, drawing sculpture, trying to draw the Venus of Milo, and imitating the Japanese Prints and Beardsley, and trying to draw like Blake and all such matters."
1905-09 Lectured to art classes of Y.M.C.A. (In Europe in 1906.)
1909-10 Lecturer for the Anti-Saloon League throughout central Illinois.
1912 Spent summer walking from Illinois to New Mexico, preaching "The Gospel of Beauty" and exchanging his poems, Rhymes to Be Traded for Bread, for food and shelter.
1913 Published his first book, General Booth Enters into Heaven and Other Poems.
1914Adventures While Preaching the Gospel of Beauty (prose). The Congo and Other Poems. Wins popularity, partly on account of his colorful and dramatic recital of his poems.
1915The Art of the Moving Picture (prose).
1916A Handy Guide for Beggars (prose).
1917 The Chinese Nightingale and Other Poems.
1920 Daniel Jazz (collection published in England). The Golden Whales of California, and Other Rhymes in the American Language. The Golden Book of Spring field. A prose picture of a Utopia to be shaped in the future by the influence of art and beauty.
1923 Collected Poems. (Revised edition, 1925.) Going-to-the-Sun.
1923-24 Resident poet at Gulf Park College.
1925 Married Elizabeth Conner. Took up residence in Spokane, Washington.
1926 Going-to-the-Stars, including his poem on Andrew Jackson. The Candle in the Cabin, made up mainly of somewhat saddened love poems.
1928 Johnny Appleseed.
1929 Returned to Springfield. The Litany of Washington Street, a collected series of political essays, punctuated by long quotations from Walt Whitman, with an essay on Whitman, "Statesman-Poet". Rigamarole, Rigamarole. Every Soul Is a Circus.
1931 December 5, suicide in the house in which he was born.

I. Bibliography
No very extended formal bibliography of Vachel Lindsay is yet available. Much information may be found in E. L. Masters's Vachel Lindsay, A. E., Trombly's Vachel Lindsay, Adventurer, and other biographical and critical works entered below. See also Manly and Rickert's Contemporary American Literature (rev. by F. B. Millet . New York: 1929, pp. 221-223).
II. Text
Collected Poems. New York: 1923. Revised and illustrated ed., 1925. (Does not contain the poems in the following volumes of poetry: Going- to-the-Sun [ 1925]; Going-to-the-Stars [ 1926]; The Candle in the Cabin [ 1926]; Johnny Appleseed and Other Poems [ 1928]; Every Soul Is a Circus [ 1929].
The Art of the Moving Picture. New York: 1915. Revised Edition, 1922. (Prose.)
The Golden Book of Springfield. New York: 1920. (Prose.)
The Litany of Washington Street. New York: 1929. (Collected prose essays.)
Selected Poems. Edited by Hazelton Spencer. Modern Readers' Series. New York: 1931.
(For privately printed poems and pamphlets, see Publishers' Weekly, Sept. 29, 1923: and see biographical texts below.)
III. Biographyand Criticism
Aiken, C. Scepticisms. New York: 1919, pp. 155- 159. (A brief and unsympathetic essay, written on the assumption that Lindsay is a mere entertainer without ethical seriousness.)
Bartlett, A. H. "Voices from the Great Inland States:"Illinois, Poetry Review, XV, 101-110 ( March-April, 1924). (Deals with the work of Lindsay and of Carl Sandburg.)
Benjamin, P. L. "Vachel Lindsay—a Folk Poet", Survey, XLVI, 73-74 ( Oct. 15, 1921).
Canby, H. S. "Vachel Lindsay", Saturday Review of Literature, VIII, 437 ( Jan. 9, 1932).
Cooke, H. W. Our Poets of Today. New York: 1918.
Davies, C., and Lucas, L. "Two Aspects of Vachel Linday", Poetry and the Play, XI, 294-303 ( Sept.-Nov., 1927).
Davison, E. "Nicholas Vachel Lindsay", in Squire, J. C., and others, Contemporary American Authors. New York: 1924, pp. 207-236. (A readable discursive critique, regarding Lindsay as "the most American of American


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Major American Poets
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Contents ix
  • Philip Freneau 1
  • William Cullen Bryant 61
  • John Greenleaf Whittier 105
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson 191
  • Edgar Allan Poe 243
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 287
  • James Russell Lowell 435
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes 543
  • Emily Dickinson 603
  • Sidney Lanier 611
  • Walt Whitman 651
  • Vachel Lindsay 733
  • Edwin Arlington Robinson 755
  • Notes Chronological, Bibliographical, Critical 779
  • William Cullen Bryant 788
  • John Greenleaf Whittier 798
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson 817
  • Edgar Alian Poe 834
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 847
  • James Russell Lowell 860
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes 882
  • Emily Dickinson 893
  • Sidney Lanier 903
  • Walt Whitman 914
  • Vachel Lindsay 929
  • Edwin Arlington Robinson 938
  • General Principles of Poetics 948
  • General Index 951


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