The Asian-Pacific Threat
Some observers belittle Asian-Pacific achievements. Others view Asian-Pacific growth as a threat to the international community. In an effort to reconcile the two contradictory viewpoints, it is sometimes argued that this menacing growth was achieved by methods that exploited domestic labor and discriminated against other countries. The "threat" doctrine now plays a large role in emotional political arguments, in discussions on economic policy affairs, and in newspaper writings. Governments, industrial organizations, and trade unions devote an increasingly large amount of time and energy to the trade problems with Japan, the Asian NICs, and the other emerging Asian-Pacific countries. Politicians try to explain why they have failed to deliver; business leaders try to excuse their inability to compete; trade unionists resent the ready exposure of their lack of realism by outside competition. 1
There have been a succession of missions to Tokyo to pressure Japan to "open up." In an article on foreign missions to Tokyo, the Far Eastern Economic Review of June II-17, 1982, nominated as its favorite protester a certain Portuguese official who asked that the Japanese accept more imports of port wine and dried fish; he was echoing an identical request made by a previous Portuguese representative in the blessed year of 1542.
The threat doctrine is also promulgated in academic treatises by political scientists. Roy Hofheinz, former Director of