Economic Reform & Income Distribution: A Case Study of Hungary and Poland

By Henryk Flakierski | Go to book overview

CHAPTER IV
The Distribution of per Capita
Household Income in Poland

In Poland as in Hungary, family size and the ratio of earners to dependents are major sources of differences in per capita household income. The larger the household, the smaller the probability of belonging to the higher income brackets. According to household budget statistics, 1 in Poland 32% of households with six persons are in the lowest per capita income bracket, whereas one-person households are not represented in this bracket at all. The difference between per capita incomes of one- and six-member Polish households in 1978 was 2.7:1. There is also a negative correlation between the size and the activity ratio of households. Although the absolute number of earners increases with the size of the households, the activity ratio (the ratio of earners to household members) declines with the size of the household. Large households have proportionally more inactive members to maintain than small households.

In Poland, as in other socialist countries, the level of the average wage per earner contributed only slightly to the differentiation of households' per capita income. Econometric analysis in Poland has shown a weak correlation between per capita household income and earnings of its members; 2 the correlation ratio is 0.26 for nonmanual employees and 0.32 for manual ones, with the total figure for all employees at 0.30.

The strong influence of demographic factors on differences in per capita household income leads to a situation in which a highly skilled worker can belong to the highest wage bracket but his household to the lowest per capita income bracket if the household has many children and, for that reason, an unfavorable earner-dependent ratio. 3

-108-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Economic Reform & Income Distribution: A Case Study of Hungary and Poland
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 194

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.