A Study of History

By Arnold J. Toynbee; D. C. Somervell | Go to book overview

INDEX
Abandon: manifestations of, 440-I; nature of, 429, 440.
'Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad: as Syriac universal state, 15, 17, 124, 144-5, 263, 389, 425; break-up of, 15-16, 28, 462, 489; Mongols, relations with, 334-5; slave-soldiers of, 174; Turks, relations with, 462; Umayyads, overthrow of, 489.
'Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo: as ghost of Baghdad Caliphate, 15 n., 16; extinction of, 17; Mamluks, relations with, 175.
'Abd-al-Azīz Al Sa'ūd, 171, 418.
'Abd-al-Karīm, 461.
Abraham, 386.
Abyssinia: backwardness of, 161-3; Coptic Monophysite Christians of, 161; Islam, impact of, 161-3; Italian conquest of, 419; physiography of, 162; Western nations, relations with, 162-3.
Acadia, eviction of French inhabitants from, 287.
Achaeans, the, 23, 24, 26, 52, 103, 104, 151, 153, 154, 411, 424.
Achaemenian Empire: Alexander the Great's conquest of, 17, 332, 342, 373, 382, 388, 423, 425, 537; anarchy, period of, 522; as Syriac universal state, 17-18, 110, 271, 373, 374, 423, 425, 427, 502; break-up of, 17-18, 144-5, 537; expansion of, 29-30, 341, 382, 388; foundation of, i8, 502; governing class, vein of nobility in, 373; Greece, relations with, 110-II, 149, 231; re-integration of, in Umayyad and 'Abbasid Caliphates, 17; religions of, 501, 502; subject peoples, relations with, 423, 537; successor-states of, 479‐ 80, 516-17. See also under JUDAISM.
Açoka Maurya, Emperor, 21, 390, 470, 490, 513, 542.
Action, field of, 248.
Actium, Battle of (31 B.C.), 22.
Acton, Lord, cited, 2-3.
Adonis, worship of, 546.
Adowa, Battle of (A.D. 1896), 162.
Adrianople, Battle of (A.D. 378), 333, 334.
Aeschylus, 337.
Afghanistan, 415, 418, 516.
Afrasia, desiccation of, 69-70, 73, 76.
Africa, South, caste system in, 301.
Africa, Tropical: absence of indigenous civilization in, 58; challenge to, from Western Civilization, 72-3; languages of, 473.
Agis IV, King of Sparta, 433, 434.
Agriculture, technique of, 195-6.
Ainu, the, 54, 382.
Akbar, the Timurid Emperor, 415, 493, 538, 551.
Akkadian language, the, 18, 342, 467. 'Alā-ad-Dīn Khilji, Sultan, 493, 551.
Alaric I, King of the Visigoths, 409, 410.
Albanians, the, 462.
Alexander the Great: and stateless exiles, 376; as example of conqueror type, 371; Babylonian welcome to, 382; conquests of, 17, 143, 144, 191, 202, 203, 342, 373, 378, 382, 388, 423, 425, 537; death of, 318, 342-3; Indian campaign of, 389; Persians, attitude towards, 373; unity of mankind, vision of, 495-6, 549.
Alexandria, library of, 518.
Alexius I Comnenus, Emperor, 550.
Alfred the Great, 122.
Amānallāh, King of Afghanistan, 418, 516.
America: colonization of, 96-7, 125, 129, 148; North, absence of indigenous civilization in, 58; see also UNITED STATES.
American War of Independence, 286-7.
Ammianus Marcellinus, 333.
Amorites, the, 27.
Amosis, Emperor of Egypt, 361.
Anabaptists, the, 398, 399.
Anatolia, 101, 102, 113, 114, 161, 264.
Anau, oasis of, 167.
Andean Civilization: breakdown of, 271; environment, physical, 58, 75; genesis of, 75; minority, dominant, 373, 382; proletariat, internal, 382; universal State — see INCA EMPIRE; Western Civilization, absorption into, 33, 266, 267, 271.
Angell, Norman: Europe's Optical Illusion, 283.
Angkor Wat, 59.
Angles, the, 104, 107, 108, 155.
Anglo-Catholicism, 513.
Anna Comnena, 242.
Anthropology: diffusionist and uniformitarian theories, 39-41; province of, 43-4.

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A Study of History
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • A Study of History *
  • Plan of the Book *
  • Preface *
  • Note by the Editor of the Abridgement *
  • Table of Contents *
  • I- Introduction *
  • I. the Unit of Historical Study *
  • Ii. the Comparative Study of Civilizations *
  • Iii. the Comparability of Societies *
  • II- The Geneses of Civilizations *
  • Iv. the Problem and How Not to Solve It *
  • V. Challenge and Response *
  • Vi. the Virtues of Adversity *
  • Vii. the Challenge of the Environment *
  • Viii. the Golden Mean *
  • III- The Growths of Civilizations *
  • Ix. the Arrested Civilizations *
  • X. the Nature of the Growths of Civilizations *
  • Xi. an Analysis of Growth *
  • Xii. Differentiation through Growth *
  • IV- The Breakdowns of Civilizations *
  • Xiii. the Nature of the Problem *
  • Xiv. Deterministic Solutions *
  • Xv. Loss of Command over the Environment *
  • Xvi. Failure of Self-Determination *
  • V- The Disintegrations of Civilizations *
  • Xvii. the Nature of Disintegration *
  • Xviii. Schism in the Body Social *
  • Xix. Schism in the Soul *
  • Xx. the Relation between Disintegrating Societies and Individuals *
  • Xxi. the Rhythm of Disintegration *
  • Xxii. Standardization through Disintegration *
  • Editor''s Note *
  • Argument *
  • Index *
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 617

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.