ton's forthright stand in the Whiskey Rebellion, Iredell said: "The whole scene has exhibited a lesson for government and people, which never before was displayed on the theatre of the world. God grant it may not be without its effect on other times and other countries nor ever be obliterated from the memory of our own." In Iredell's last charge to a grand jury convened in Philadelphia on April Il, 1799, he expressed the typical federalist view upholding the Alien and Sedition Act. Deeply impressed that the French "philosophy of revolution" was finding American defenders, the Justice expressed the fear that the French doctrines could threaten the Union and lead only to America's destruction. As a federalist, he distrusted the French leaders and their principles, warning Americans against involving themselves in French affairs. Never a rich man, he had been disinherited by his wealthy uncle for his stand against the Crown. Iredell died at his home in Edenton on October 20, 1799, two weeks past his forty-eighth birthday, and less than ten years after he had taken his seat on the federal bench.
The University of North Carolina Press has published The Papers of James Iredell, edited by D. Higginbotham (2 vols.; Raleigh, N.C., 1976). The most important work on Iredell is Griffith J. McRee, Life and Correspondence of James Iredell (2 vols.; New York, 1857). (Concerning McRee's editorial "liberties," see Julian P. Boyd to the Editor, 7 William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd s., 317 [ 1951].) See also Hampton L. Carson, "James Wilson and James Iredell: A Parallel and a Contrast," 7 American Bar Association Journal ( 1921); H. G. Connor , "James Iredell: Lawyer, Statesman, Judge, 1751-1799," 60 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 225 ( 1911-12); Jeff B. Fordham, "Iredell's Dissent in Chisholm v. Georgia," 8 North Carolina Historical Review 155 ( 1931); Kemp Plummer Yarborough , "Chisholm v. Georgia: A Study of the Minority Opinion," unpublished doctoral dissertation (Columbia University, 1963); and Hugh Talmage Lefler and Albert Ray Newsome, North Carolina ( Chapel Hill, N.C., 1954).