Project can live up to its promises. The HGP may allow us to more successfully pursue an approach to the practice of medicine and the delivery of health care that is more oriented toward prevention and early treatment. 50 If it is to fulfill those promises, however, society will have to give greater attention to anticipating concerns and issues; reveal the diverse stakeholders in the debate; more clearly articulate the moral values to which it is committed (and provide a clearer picture of how genetic technology fits into the structure of a good society); and come clean on the difficult policy decisions it faces. 51
Even technological Cassandras must admit that the progress made on the Project to this point is impressive. And as the fruits of the HGP are applied to practical human needs — as is beginning to happen now — the public's support for the Project will grow. But wishing for something good to happen is not the same as being assured that the good will result. For that to happen, society needs to take much more seriously the challenge and the risks of biotechnology.