Changing Nature's Course: The Ethical Challenge of Biotechnology

By Gerhold K. Becker; James P. Buchanan | Go to book overview

Appendix to Chapter 10

Ten Steps in Moral Risk Management
1. analyse single technical and cultural risk components
2. assess and group single risk components
3. develop risk reduction and risk avoidance strategies
4. define and assess options for action
5. select one or two options
6. assess arguments against selected option
7. modify and confirm your decision
8. manage moral risk
9. re-assess scenario or case continuously
10. re-assess scenario or case ad hoc

Models of Moral Risk Management
1. REVIEW
1. Peer Review Boards
2. Ethics Committees including 'lay persons'
3. Ethics Expert Review
2. CONSULTATION
1. Ad hoc Consulting on Request
2. Contract Consultation, periodically or thematically
3. Coordinated Consultation between parties
3. INTEGRATION
1. Ethics Expert in the Team on the Service Side
2. Ethics Expert in the Team on the Client Side
3. Ethics Modules or Metalanguages in Expert Systems

Thesis One. Biotechnology is not new, nor are the technical and moral risks associated with it. But, as the dimensions of knowledge and manipulation have widened, so have associated ethical dimensions which need careful assessment in the light of traditional moral and cultural principles.

Thesis Two. The manipulation of nature mirrors human seIf-understandings, values, and morals; the clue to avoid risk in technology is to strengthen individual and cultural competence in moral risk assessment and personal responsibility.

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