Changing Nature's Course: The Ethical Challenge of Biotechnology

By Gerhold K. Becker; James P. Buchanan | Go to book overview

are unknown. Elevating the unknown to the status of an imperative would have the effect among other things moderating the 'forward-thrust' of biotechnology and allowing us to better determine not only some of the answers to questions already raised but to better determine what the questions are which need answering.


Notes
1.
N. Wiener, The Human Use of Humans:Cybernetics and Society ( Boston: Houghten Mifflin, 1954), 278.
2.
The term epistemes is taken from the early work of Michel Foucault. It refers to the historical (social, political, intellectual) conditions under which certain truths and practices develop.
3.
See "Got It:"After 17 years of searching, physicists believe they have found a missing building block of matter, Newsweek 143( 19) ( May 9, 1994): 37-38.
4.
See J. Buchanan "New Lexicons of Power in an Information Age", Technology in Society (forthcoming).
5.
D. Harraway, Simians, Cyborgs and Women:The Reinvention of Nature ( New York: Routledge, 1991), 208.
8.
R. Hubbard and E. Wald, Exploding the Gene Myth:How Genetic Information is Produced and Manipulated by Scientists, Physicians, Employers, Insurance Companies, Educators, and Law Enforcers ( Boston: Beacon Press, 1993), 7.
10.
F Bacon, 'De Augmentis'. In J. Spedding, R. Ellis, and D. Heath, eds., Works, Vol. 4 ( London: Longmans Green, 1870), 320.
11.
A. Borgman, Technology and The Character of Contemporary Life ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984).
14.
The term 'bioindustry' is the term used collectively by those engaged in the commercialization of genetic engineering. The umbrella organization which they created to present their case is called The Bioindustry Forum.
15.
See S. Krimsky, Biotechnics and Society:The rise of Industrial Genetics ( New York: Praeger, 1991); and M. Kenney, Biotechnology:The University-Industrial Complex ( New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986).
16.
See for example P. Abelson, "Biotechnology in a Global Economy", Science 255 ( 1992): 381.
17.
V. Shiva, Monocultures of the Mind:Perspectives on Biodiversity and Biotechnology ( Penang, Malaysia: Third World Network, 1993).
18.
Hawkings himself has said that given the nature of his work and the kinds of support he has received from friends and family that his physical disabilities have not been a serious handicap. I want to go beyond this and at least pose the possibility that his physical disabilities might have in fact contributed to his intellectual brilliance.
19.
For a good discussion of the new eugenics see R. Hubbard and E. Wald, Exploding the Gene Myth ( Boston: Beacon Press, 1993).

-200-

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