Italy: From Revolution to Republic, 1700 to the Present

By Spencer M. Di Scala | Go to book overview

17
World War II and the Resistance

The changes wrought by fascism had important repercussions not only for Italians but also on international developments, and thus the world. In discussing Fascist foreign policy, historians debate whether the aims and policies of fascism represented an essential continuation of pre-Fascist Italy’s foreign policy or a radical departure.


The Radicalization of Foreign Policy

Surface similarities exist between Fascist and pre-Fascist foreign policy. The country had previously embarked on colonial adventures, nationalism had been a potent force, and to some extent inconsistency had marked Italian diplomacy before Mussolini; but imperialism characterized all the great powers, exasperated nationalism was comprehensible after centuries of foreign control, and Italy’s internal weakness made it particularly sensitive to alterations in the balance of power. The peculiarities of Italian foreign policy before fascism could be rationally explained by history or the international situation, and Italian foreign policy operated within the mainstream of European diplomacy.

With Mussolini’s advent, this essential characteristic would change. It would be surprising if fascism’s nature and ideology had not affected foreign policy. Extremist nationalism—once the province of the small Nationalist Association and now absorbed by fascism—became official policy, favoring expansionism and generating unreasonable demands on other nations to boost Italy’s prestige. Fascism’s exploitation of nationalism as a means of mobilizing the masses increasingly fed on itself, for failure to make touted gains could destabilize the regime. For its own internal reasons, the regime heightened existing resentments—for example, that Italy had been cheated of the fruits of victory in World War I and that the country should have colonies because it was overpopulated— and further exasperated the diplomatic situation. More properly ideological considerations also complicated the foreign policy picture, especially Mussolini’s

-255-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Italy: From Revolution to Republic, 1700 to the Present
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 426

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.