Samuel P. Huntington
The "military mind" has often been stereotyped, frequently unattractively. Huntington provides an idealized form of a professional military ethic as a model that he proposes as a useful device for determining the professionalism of any officer corps: the closer to his model, the more professional the military leadership. His description of a military ethic is drawn from his view of the appropriate military function and not from empirical observation. Values of the military ethic include commitment to military security of the state, a pessimistic view of a static and weak human nature, subordination of the individual to the group, loyalty, obedience, civilian control, alienation from political activity, and the military's essentially instrumental function in the state. The model drawn here of military values is described as "conservative realism." This picture of the military mind is deserving of careful analysis with special attention to the claim that it provides a measure for the level of professionalism in military organizations.
The unique or functional aspect of the military has often been discussed in terms of the "military mind." This chapter attempts to
Reprinted by permission of the publisher from The Soldier and The State by Samuel P. Huntington , Cambridge, Mass.: The Belnap Press of Harvard University Press, Copyright. 1957 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College; © 1985 by Samuel P. Huntington.