The Origins of War in South Asia: The Indo-Pakistani Conflicts since 1947

By Šumit Ganguly | Go to book overview

dialogue with any militant group willing to hold serious discussions. This may prove difficult. Groups such as HUM remain intransigent and intractable in their demands.

The second element involves improving the recruitment, organization, and training of India’s burgeoning paramilitary forces. Currently, their poor training coupled with inadequate supervision has led to human rights violations. Such abuses of state power, particularly in dealing with the local population in Kashmir, quite apart from being morally corrosive, are simply counter-productive. Consequently, administrative control over the coercive apparatus of the state, so greatly weakened in recent years, must now be firmly re-asserted.

The third element in this option entails starting negotiations with Pakistan on a range of outstanding bilateral issues. To begin with, India may have to make certain unilateral concessions on the Siachen glacier dispute in the northern part of Kashmir. This conflict has dragged on for the past several years and is costing both sides much in blood and treasure. Changes in Indian domestic policy which address the roots of insurgency in Kashmir coupled with concessions in other areas may induce Pakistan to gradually abandon its irredentist claim on Kashmir. Such a change in the Pakistani position, in concert with a new political compact between Kashmir and New Delhi, offers the best hope of resolving this seemingly unending conflict. ( Bajpai and Ganguly, 1992.)


References

Akbar, M. J. Kashmir. Behind the Vale. New Delhi: Viking, 1991.

Bajpai, Kanti and Ganguly, Sumit. "Backing Into the Future: ,"Kashmir in the New Arc of Crisis Unpublished manuscript. (An earlier version of this manuscript was presented by Sumit Ganguly at a conference on contemporary India at the Council on Foreign Relations, New York, April 1992.)

Banerjee, Sumanta. "Redefining Integration", Seminar, April 1992.

Chopra, Pran. India’s Second Liberation. Delhi: Vikas, 1973.

Crossette, Barbara. "Bhutto Is Dismissed in Pakistan After 20 Months", The New York Times, August 7, 1990.

Desmond, Edward. "Pakistan’s Hidden Hand", Time (Asia Edition), July 22, 1991.

—. "Gaining Ground", Time (Asia Edition), November 4, 1991.

—. "Himalayan Ulster", The New York Review of Books, Volume: XL, Number: 5, March 4, 1993.

Fernandes, George. "The Way Out", Seminar, April 1992.

Ganguly, Sumit. "Avoiding War in Kashmir", Foreign Affairs, Winter

-133-

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The Origins of War in South Asia: The Indo-Pakistani Conflicts since 1947
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • References 12
  • 2 - The First Kashmir War 13
  • References 44
  • 3 - The Second Kashmir War 47
  • References 79
  • 4 - The Bangladesh War 81
  • References 116
  • 5 - Conclusions 119
  • References 124
  • 6 - Epilogue: The Transformation of the Kashmir Issue 127
  • References 133
  • About the Book and Author 135
  • Index 137
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