The World in 1945
Winston S. Churchill wore his usual bulldog visage. The ever-present cigar and hunched gait, other familiar trademarks of the British prime minister, also drew the crowd's attention on that very hot day of July 16, 1945. He was surveying the dusty remains of the Nazi capital—"That rubble heap near Potsdam," murmured one Berliner. 1 This time a preoccupied Churchill evinced little interest in his curious onlookers. What captured Churchill's attention in Berlin was the grisly aftermath of heavy Allied bombing and artillery fire and stout German resistance. He and the passengers in his motorcade grew sick, utterly stunned by the stark display of carnage in the humbled German city.
The prime minister entered what was left of Adolf Hitler's Chancellery. The Führer's marble-topped desk lay in a thousand pieces. Iron Crosses, military