Since the start of my research I have had the benefit of the warm and friendly guidance of Allan Nevins. For fatherly advice I was always able to turn to my mentor, Harry J. Carman. Mr. Herman Kahn, Director of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library at Hyde Park, gave me much of his time and made available the wholehearted cooperation of his able staff. Thanks go to the custodial and maintenance men and women of the Roosevelt Library and mansion, who made the many months spent at Hyde Park, away from my wife, livable and pleasant. Basil Rauch deserves much credit for his incisive and challenging comments. To the Baker Library at Dartmouth College— truly a scholar's haven—are due my heartfelt thanks for three wonderful summers spent in preparation of this final work. Richard B. Morris was more than patient and understanding in reading and commenting on the manuscript.
Thanks are due to Howard S. Cullman, Felix. Frankfurter, Herbert H. Lehman, Henry Morgenthau, Jr., and Samuel Rosenman for permission to quote from their letters. Also, I am grateful to Random House for permission to quote from Public Papers and Addresses of, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Volume I, and to Harper and Bros. for permission to quote from Eleanor Roosevelt , This I Remember.
Above all, to Frank Freidel I shall always be indebted, for he gave me the confidence and assurance needed at crucial periods, in addition to invaluable criticisms and suggestions. Jewel Bellush, with her interdisciplinary background in history and political science, was ever present to suggest, to counsel, and to threaten, in hope that this might be a competent work. Whatever shortcomings remain are mine alone.
The City College, New York December, 1954