"IN QUEST OF SECURITY"
During the third decade of the twentieth century much of American industry discriminated against hiring older men and women as workers. This tendency impelled socially conscious men and women to agitate for a system of old age allowances and old age insurance throughout the nation.
Roosevelt was in the company of these farsighted citizens, and in step with most of the civilized countries of the world, when he urged the enactment of a system of old age pensions during his first gubernatorial campaign. Irritated by charges of radicalism hurled at those supporting old age pensions, Roosevelt told a campaign audience in Rochester that old age pensions were no more radical or socialistic in 1928 than had been the Workmen's Compensation and Factory Inspection Laws seventeen years earlier. Roosevelt recalled that when he was in the legislature in 1911 many respectable and substantial citizens regarded those who advocated Workmen's Compesation and Factory Inspection Laws as radicals and socialists. If the word "Bolshevist" had been invented then it would have been applied, according to Roosevelt, to such men as Assemblyman Alfred E. Smith, State Senator Robert F. Wagner, and himself. 1
Roosevelt made it clear, however, that he was opposed to any form of a dole, for he felt that the State had no right merely to hand out money. He desired the adoption of a system of mutual contributions by employers and employees.
In his first annual message to the legislature in January, 1929, and in a special message the following month, Roosevelt recom-