Policy-Oriented House Republican
The discussion of House Republican factions has two sections, based upon the fundamental division between a member's relatively greater interest in national policy or local constituency matters. The first section of this discussion, which composes most of this chapter, reviews the four policy-oriented factions of Enterprisers, Moralists, Moderates, and Patricians. The second section, chapter five, discusses the three constituency-oriented factions of Stalwarts, Provincials, and Placeholders.
This initial distinction between policy and constituency orientation is justified by examining a number of measures used in this analysis- specifically standing committee memberships by type, the level of party committee memberships, and the level and type of caucus and intraparty group memberships. The distinction among committee types—namely policy, constituency, and influence committees—is adapted from the work of Steven Smith and Christopher Deering. 1 Their list of Appropriations, Budget, Rules, and Ways and Means as "prestige" committees is extended and modified by adding Standards of Official Conduct (Ethics) and Intelligence to a group of "influence" committees. Their list of "policy" committees is duplicated here, and to their list of "constituency" committees is added the House Post Office and Civil Service Committee. The extent and content of policy activities of members is a special interest of this book, and the division of the discussion into policy- and non-policy oriented factions fosters this interest. Two policy-oriented or activist factions—Moralists and Enterprisers—are conservative and have tended to cluster in like‐ thinking intraparty groups such as the Conservative Opportunity Soci